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Título : Climate vulnerability, impacts and adaptation in Central and South America coastal areas
Autor : Nagy, Gustavo
Gutierrez, Ofelia
Brugnoli, Ernesto
Verocai, José
Gómez-Erache, Mónica
Villamizar, Alicia
Olivares, Isabel
Azeitero, Ulisses
Leal Filho, Walter
Amaro, Nelson
Palabras clave : Coastal ecosystems
Climate-related hazards
Reasons for concern
Mangroves
Invasive alien species
Adaptation strategies
Fecha de publicación : 4-sep-2019
Citación : Regional Studies in Marine Science;29 (2019) 100683
Resumen : Low-Elevation Coastal Zones in Central and South America are exposed to climate-related hazards (sealevel rise, climate variability and storms) which threaten the assets (people, resources, ecosystems, infrastructure, and the services they provide), and are expected to increase due to climate change. A non-systematic review is presented focusing on vulnerability elements, impacts, constraints to adaptation, and their possible strategies. The analysis emphasises the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Reasons for Concern (e.g., threatened systems, extreme events, aggregated impacts, and critical thresholds), particularly on sea-level rise, degradation of mangroves, and invasive alien species in Central and South America focusing on case studies from Uruguay and Venezuela. Despite recent advances in coastal adaptation planning in Central and South America, there is an adaptation deficit in the implementation of measures and strategies against climate-related hazards, such as sealevel rise. Adaptation constraints are linked with poverty, resource allocation, lack of political will, and lack of early warning systems for climate-related hazards. Non-structural adaptation measures such as community-based adaptation and ecosystem-based adaptation are not fully mainstreamed into national plans yet. Government-level initiatives (e.g. National Adaptation Programmes of Action) are being developed, but a few are already implemented. In addition to specific thematic measures, the implementation of non-structural approaches, National Adaptation Programmes of Action and early
Descripción : 337.7 N139 2019
URI : http://biblioteca.galileo.edu/tesario/handle/123456789/868
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